As Banks Reduce Their Excessive Reserves
It has been an agonizing 10 years since the housing bubble collapse and the financial crisis, not mention a surge in banking regulations such as Dodd-Frank and the creation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
But 10 years after, the M1 Money Multiplier has FINALLY broken through the 1.0 barrier.
The M1 Multiplier means that every dollar created by the FED (an increase in the monetary base M0) will result in a <1 dollar increase of the money supply (M1), as is evident from the figure below. So, the credit and deposit creation of commercial banks is limited in this case. The banks are still holding on to a lot of excess reserves, but that amount is finally starting to comedown so that the M1 Money Multiplier has finally broken the 1.0 barrier.