As in January of 2013 (ahead of an economic up cycle) and Q4 2017-Q1 2018 (ahead of an economic ripple that began in 2018) the Semiconductor sector and in particular its Semi Equipment sub-sector are front and center in forming our analysis about coming events. Excerpted from the January 20th edition of Notes From the Rabbit Hole, NFTRH 535…
Semiconductor Sector – Watch the Early Bird in 2019
This one is special for me. I started my work life many moons ago as a participant with the Semi sector [circa 1983-1993], painfully learning first hand how violent the cyclical turns can be. Dialing ahead a couple decades, in January of 2013 NFTRH began a narrative that saw the then up-turning Semi Equipment bookings (this data is unfortunately no longer published) lead the sector, general manufacturing and eventually the whole raft of components that make up the economy into a cyclical up-turn.
The prime Semi Equipment names we follow are Applied Materials (AMAT) and Lam Research (LRCX). Well over a year ago we used their failing leadership to the broad Semi sector as a leading indicator on the economy, and things finally came to a head in October, 2018. We made note of how industry advocates have been lobbying hard for the Trump Administration to re-think its trade tariffs as relates to Semiconductors.
My question has been over the last year and still is… ‘is the Semi Equipment downturn a real cycle or just a cyclical interruption?’ Reference…
- NFTRH Update; The Latest Word on the Semi Equipment Cycle (high priority) 9.26.18
- Semiconductor Canaries: Chirp, Warble… Soon a Croak and Silence? 5.18.18
- NFTRH 504 Excerpt: A Bull in a China Shop 6.18.18
- Semi Equipment Industry: China or Bust? 3.15.18
- Semi Canary Still Chirping, But He’s Gonna Croak in 2018 1.11.18
- Semi Equipment Spending Record, 2018 Growth, But… 11.21.17
From my contact, per the NFTRH Update linked above…
We see business off about 25-30% from the high over the past year. I suspect it will stay at this level and as of right now it looks like it will not recover until Q1 and maybe not until Q2 next year. 2019 is still expected to be just as robust as it was and depending on the world economy may even be up 5-10%.
In short, while we have been managing an industry slowdown, exacerbated by the US/China trade war, the question as illustrated by my contact’s feedback and by this graph taken from the January 2018 post linked above is whether this has just been a cyclical crimp in the rope or a real downturn.
Here is the updated version of this chart, from SEMI per this industry review…
Over a one-year period the cycle has continued to consolidate but has not yet gone negative.
From the article…
Semiconductor shipment growth (although still positive) peaked in early 2018. Globally it was up only 4.6% in November 2018 versus the same month a year earlier and its trajectory is pointing down. This compares to +23.7% growth in December 2017.
That is confirmation that our 2018 view was correct going back to Q4 2017.
Semiconductor equipment shipments (Chart 6) actually contracted 0.6% globally for just the month of November 2018 vs. November 2017. They are traditionally more volatile than semiconductor sales.
This is exactly why I watch the likes of Equipment suppliers AMAT and LRCX as opposed to Intel or other chip makers, for example. These Equipment companies have been impaired by the US/China trade war and so with Trump and China making nice there is the potential for at least a cyclical bounce.
As to SEMI’s conclusion below, if an industry expert says there is a “normal” winter slowdown, I’ll go with that. The political uncertainty is as easy to remedy as the Bull in the China Shop (Trump) realizing that he has been impairing his own economic cycle. The “memory shifts” noted are probably the over-supply of NAND on the market.
The normal winter seasonal industry slowdown is upon us and it is being overlaid with economic softness, political uncertainty, product (memory) shifts and general industry weakening.
The bottom line as I see it is that projections have been for renewed growth in Q2 or Q3 2019. Relief on the trade front would help there. Assuming the projections are accurate (always a valid question), we can watch AMAT, LRCX and the Equipment segment for any economic front-running they might display (as in 2013) or fail to display.
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